Jul 11, 2022

AI researchers tackle longstanding ‘data heterogeneity’ problem for federated learning

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, robotics/AI

Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a new approach to federated learning that allows them to develop accurate artificial intelligence (AI) models more quickly and accurately. The work focuses on a longstanding problem in federated learning that occurs when there is significant heterogeneity in the various datasets being used to train the AI.

Federated learning is an AI training technique that allows AI systems to improve their performance by drawing on multiple sets of data without compromising the privacy of that data. For example, federated learning could be used to draw on privileged patient data from multiple hospitals in order to improve diagnostic AI tools, without the hospitals having access to data on each other’s patients.

Federated learning is a form of machine learning involving multiple devices, called clients. The clients and a centralized server all start with a basic model designed to solve a specific problem. From that starting point, each of the clients then trains its local model using its own data, modifying the model to improve its performance. The clients then send these “updates” to the centralized server. The centralized server draws on these updates to create a , with the goal of having the hybrid model perform better than any of the clients on their own. The central server then sends this hybrid model back to each of the clients. This process is repeated until the system’s performance has been optimized or reaches an agreed-upon level of accuracy.

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