Archive for the ‘bioengineering’ category

Sep 14, 2021

Scientists Say They Could Bring Back Woolly Mammoths. But Maybe They Shouldn’t

Posted by in categories: bioengineering, biotech/medical, genetics

A company formed by Harvard genetics professor George Church, known for his pioneering work in genome sequencing and gene splicing, hopes to genetically resurrect woolly mammoths.

Sep 12, 2021

New programmable gene editing proteins found outside of CRISPR systems

Posted by in categories: bioengineering, biotech/medical, genetics

Within the last decade, scientists have adapted CRISPR systems from microbes into gene editing technology, a precise and programmable system for modifying DNA. Now, scientists at MIT’s McGovern Institute and the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard have discovered a new class of programmable DNA modifying systems called OMEGAs (Obligate Mobile Element Guided Activity), which may naturally be involved in shuffling small bits of DNA throughout bacterial genomes.

These ancient DNA-cutting enzymes are guided to their targets by small pieces of RNA. While they originated in bacteria, they have now been engineered to work in human cells, suggesting they could be useful in the development of gene editing therapies, particularly as they are small (~30% the size of Cas9), making them easier to deliver to cells than bulkier enzymes. The discovery, reported in the journal Science, provides evidence that natural RNA-guided enzymes are among the most abundant proteins on earth, pointing toward a vast new area of biology that is poised to drive the next revolution in genome editing technology.

The research was led by McGovern investigator Feng Zhang, who is James and Patricia Poitras Professor of Neuroscience at MIT, a Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator, and a core institute member of the Broad Institute. Zhang’s team has been exploring natural diversity in search of new molecular systems that can be rationally programmed.

Continue reading “New programmable gene editing proteins found outside of CRISPR systems” »

Sep 11, 2021

#TransVision Future Summit 2021 • Welcome to Madrid 8 — 12 October • Dinners & UNESCO site tours

Posted by in categories: bioengineering, biotech/medical, bitcoin, cryonics, geopolitics, life extension, lifeboat, nanotechnology, Ray Kurzweil, robotics/AI, singularity, transhumanism

Check out our second promo for #transvision #future Summit 2021 (#madrid Oct. 8 — 12), featuring the optional dinner/cocktails we are scheduling, and 2 full-day #tours of several #unescoworldheritage sites and historical places near Madrid: Segovia, Ávila, Monsaterio de El Escorial & Valley of the Fallen on Oct. 11 and Alcalá de Henares, Aranjuez & Toledo on Oct. 12. It’s going to be espectacular! You don’t wanna miss those, so get your tickets now! 😊 Get your tickets here -> www.TransVisionMadrid.com.

The event itself will be a lot of fun, so make sure to register to come to Madrid in person, or to watch it via streaming (at a reduced price). There will be talks about #longevity #artificialintelligence #cryonics and much much more.

Continue reading “#TransVision Future Summit 2021 • Welcome to Madrid 8 — 12 October • Dinners & UNESCO site tours” »

Sep 9, 2021

License CRISPR patents for free to share gene editing globally

Posted by in categories: bioengineering, biotech/medical, education

Wageningen is one of a clutch of research institutions globally that hold patents on CRISPR, a technique that enables precise changes to be made to genomes, at specific locations. Other institutions — including the Broad Institute in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and the University of California, Berkeley, which have some of the largest portfolios of patents on the subject — also provide CRISPR tools and some intellectual property (IP) for free for non-profit use. But universities could do better to facilitate access to CRISPR technologies for research.

Universities hold the majority of CRISPR patents. They are in a strong position to ensure that the technology is widely shared for education and research.

Sep 9, 2021

Watch: Artificial cells master a process once only done by the living

Posted by in category: bioengineering

An NYU-based research team created microscopic cells out of a polymer that can do active transport, a process all living cells do that is difficult to replicate.

Sep 8, 2021

Scientists create artificial cells that mimic living cells’ ability to capture, process, and expel material

Posted by in categories: bioengineering, biotech/medical, robotics/AI

Researchers have developed artificial cell-like structures using inorganic matter that autonomously ingest, process, and push out material—recreating an essential function of living cells.

Their article, published in Nature, provides a blueprint for creating “cell mimics,” with potential applications ranging from to environmental science.

A fundamental function of living is their ability to harvest energy from the environment to pump molecules in and out of their systems. When energy is used to move these molecules from areas of lower concentration to areas of higher concentration, the process is called active transport. Active transport allows cells to take in necessary molecules like glucose or amino acids, store energy, and extract waste.

Sep 7, 2021

New Studies Find Evidence Of ‘Superhuman’ Immunity To COVID-19 In Some Individuals

Posted by in categories: bioengineering, biotech/medical

In fact, these antibodies could even fight off a virus engineered, on purpose, to be highly resistant to neutralization. This virus contained 20 mutations that are known to prevent SARS-CoV-2 antibodies from binding to it. Antibodies from people who were only vaccinated or only had prior COVID infections were essentially useless against this mutant virus. But antibodies in people with the “hybrid immunity” could neutralize it.

That’s how one scientist describes the findings of a series of studies looking at the antibodies created by individuals who were infected by the virus and then had an mRNA vaccine.

Continue reading “New Studies Find Evidence Of ‘Superhuman’ Immunity To COVID-19 In Some Individuals” »

Sep 7, 2021

These fridge-free COVID-19 vaccines are grown in plants and bacteria

Posted by in categories: bioengineering, biotech/medical, nanotechnology

Nanoengineers at the University of California San Diego have developed COVID-19 vaccine candidates that can take the heat. Their key ingredients? Viruses from plants or bacteria.

The new fridge-free COVID-19 vaccines are still in the early stage of development. In mice, the vaccine candidates triggered high production of neutralizing antibodies against SARS-CoV-2, the that causes COVID-19. If they prove to be safe and effective in people, the vaccines could be a big game changer for global distribution efforts, including those in rural areas or resource-poor communities.

“What’s exciting about our vaccine technology is that is thermally stable, so it could easily reach places where setting up ultra-low temperature freezers, or having trucks drive around with these freezers, is not going to be possible,” said Nicole Steinmetz, a professor of nanoengineering and the director of the Center for Nano-ImmunoEngineering at the UC San Diego Jacobs School of Engineering.

Sep 5, 2021

CRISPR gene editing and the human race

Posted by in categories: bioengineering, biotech/medical, genetics

Learn More.

Ian Bremmer.

If you could cure genetic diseases by editing DNA sequences, would you?

Continue reading “CRISPR gene editing and the human race” »

Sep 4, 2021

Researchers develop a hypercompact CRISPR

Posted by in categories: bioengineering, biotech/medical

Bioengineers have repurposed a “non-working” CRISPR system to make a smaller version of the genome engineering tool. Its diminutive size should make it easier to deliver into human cells, tissues and the body for gene therapy.

Page 1 of 13812345678Last