Archive for the ‘supercomputing’ category

May 24, 2023

The US now has 150 of the TOP500 supercomputers in the world

Posted by in category: supercomputing

China has slipped to number two, but is that intentional?

The US has edged past China when it comes to being home to the world’s fastest supercomputers. The number of machines in the U.S. is now 150, up from 126 last year, while the number of supercomputers from China fell from 162 to 134, Techspot.

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May 23, 2023

Artificial Intelligence Powers Breakthrough in Large-Scale Atom Simulations

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, robotics/AI, supercomputing

Utilizing the computational prowess of one of the world’s top supercomputers, scientists have achieved the most accurate simulation to date of objects consisting of tens of millions of atoms, thanks to the integration of artificial intelligence (AI) techniques. Previous simulations that delved into the behavior and interaction of atoms were limited to small molecules due to the immense computational power required. Although there are methods to simulate larger atom counts over time, they heavily rely on approximations and fail to provide intricate molecular details.

A team led by Boris Kozinsky at Harvard University has developed a tool named Allegro, which leverages AI to perform precise simulations of systems containing tens of millions of atoms. To demonstrate the capabilities of their approach, Kozinsky and his team employed Perlmutter, the world’s eighth most powerful supercomputer, to simulate the complex interplay of 44 million atoms constituting the protein shell of HIV. Additionally, they successfully simulated other vital biological molecules such as cellulose, a protein associated with haemophilia, and a widespread tobacco plant virus.

Kozinsky emphasizes that this methodology can accurately simulate any atom-based object with exceptional precision and scalability. The system’s applications extend beyond biology and can be applied to a wide array of materials science problems, including investigations into batteries, catalysis, and semiconductors.

May 23, 2023

Nvidia chips away at Intel, AMD turf in supercomputers

Posted by in categories: robotics/AI, supercomputing

May 22 (Reuters) — Nvidia Corp (NVDA.O) on Monday said it has worked with the U.K.’s University of Bristol to build a new supercomputer using a new Nvidia chip that would compete with Intel Corp (INTC.O) and Advanced Micro Devices Inc (AMD.O).

Nvidia is the world’s top maker of graphics processing units (GPUs), which are in high demand because they can be used to speed up artificial intelligence work. OpenAI’s ChatGPT, for example, was created with thousands of Nvidia GPUs.

But Nvidia’s GPU chips are typically paired with what is called a central processing unit (CPU), a market that has been dominated by Intel and AMD for decades. This year, Nvidia has started shipping its own competing CPU chip called Grace, which is based on technology from SoftBank Group Corp-owned (9984.T) Arm Ltd.

May 21, 2023

University of Chicago joins global partnerships to advance quantum computing

Posted by in categories: quantum physics, supercomputing

$100 million from IBM to help develop quantum-centric supercomputer; $50 million from Google to support quantum research and workforce development.

May 18, 2023

Meta bets big on AI with custom chips — and a supercomputer

Posted by in categories: robotics/AI, supercomputing

At a virtual event this morning, Meta lifted the curtains on its efforts to develop in-house infrastructure for AI workloads, including generative AI like the type that underpins its recently launched ad design and creation tools.

It was an attempt at a projection of strength from Meta, which historically has been slow to adopt AI-friendly hardware systems — hobbling its ability to keep pace with rivals such as Google and Microsoft.

Building our own [hardware] capabilities gives us control at every layer of the stack, from datacenter design to training frameworks,” Alexis Bjorlin, VP of Infrastructure at Meta, told TechCrunch. “This level of vertical integration is needed to push the boundaries of AI research at scale.”

May 16, 2023

Watch 44 million atoms simulated using AI and a supercomputer

Posted by in categories: particle physics, robotics/AI, supercomputing

This simulation models a huge number of atoms in detail with the help of artificial intelligence.

By Alex Wilkins

May 16, 2023

Supercomputing simulations spot electron orbital signatures

Posted by in categories: information science, mathematics, particle physics, quantum physics, supercomputing

Something not musk:

No one will ever be able to see a purely mathematical construct such as a perfect sphere. But now, scientists using supercomputer simulations and atomic resolution microscopes have imaged the signatures of electron orbitals, which are defined by mathematical equations of quantum mechanics and predict where an atom’s electron is most likely to be.

Scientists at UT Austin, Princeton University, and ExxonMobil have directly observed the signatures of electron orbitals in two different transition-metal atoms, iron (Fe) and cobalt (Co) present in metal-phthalocyanines. Those signatures are apparent in the forces measured by atomic force microscopes, which often reflect the underlying orbitals and can be so interpreted.

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May 14, 2023

NVIDIA H100 Tensor Core GPU

Posted by in categories: robotics/AI, supercomputing

In case anyone is wondering how advances like ChatGPT are possible while Moore’s Law is dramatically slowing down, here’s what is happening:

Nvidia’s latest chip, the H100, can do 34 teraFLOPS of FP64 which is the standard 64-bit standard that supercomputers are ranked at. But this same chip can do 3,958 teraFLOPS of FP8 Tensor Core. FP8 is 8 times less precise than FP64. Also, Tensor Cores accelerate matrix operations, particularly matrix multiplication and accumulation, which are used extensively in deep learning calculations.

So by specializing in operations that AI cares about, the speed of the computer is increased by over 100 times!

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May 6, 2023

Dr. Kathryn Huff, Ph.D. — Assistant Secretary, Office of Nuclear Energy, U.S. Department of Energy

Posted by in categories: economics, engineering, government, nuclear energy, physics, policy, security, supercomputing

Advancing Nuclear Energy Science And Technology For U.S. Energy, Environmental And Economic Needs — Dr. Katy Huff, Ph.D. — Assistant Secretary, U.S. Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy, U.S. Department of Energy.

Dr. Kathryn Huff, Ph.D. (https://www.energy.gov/ne/person/dr-kathryn-huff) is Assistant Secretary, Office of Nuclear Energy, U.S. Department of Energy, where she leads their strategic mission to advance nuclear energy science and technology to meet U.S. energy, environmental, and economic needs, both realizing the potential of advanced technology, and leveraging the unique role of the government in spurring innovation.

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May 1, 2023

Uncovering the Mystery of the Human Brain with Computational Neuroscience

Posted by in categories: mathematics, neuroscience, robotics/AI, supercomputing

Defining computational neuroscience The evolution of computational neuroscience Computational neuroscience in the twenty-first century Some examples of computational neuroscience The SpiNNaker supercomputer Frontiers in computational neuroscience References Further reading

The human brain is a complex and unfathomable supercomputer. How it works is one of the ultimate mysteries of our time. Scientists working in the exciting field of computational neuroscience seek to unravel this mystery and, in the process, help solve problems in diverse research fields, from Artificial Intelligence (AI) to psychiatry.

Computational neuroscience is a highly interdisciplinary and thriving branch of neuroscience that uses computational simulations and mathematical models to develop our understanding of the brain. Here we look at: what computational neuroscience is, how it has grown over the last thirty years, what its applications are, and where it is going.

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