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Archive for the ‘cosmology’ category: Page 4

Oct 8, 2020

Another universe existed before ours – and energy from it is coming out of black holes, says Nobel Prize winner

Posted by in category: cosmology

Sir Roger Penrose also claims that another universe will exist after this one.

Oct 7, 2020

Dark Matter Particles the Size of Planets? –“Yes” Say ‘Cold-Model’ Physicists

Posted by in categories: cosmology, particle physics

“At first, we thought it was absurd. How else could you respond to the idea that black holes generate swirling clouds of planet-sized particles that could be the dark matter thought to hold galaxies together? We tend to think about particles as being tiny but, theoretically, there is no reason they can’t be as big as a galaxy,” said theoretical physicist Asimina Arvanitaki, at the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics referring to the heated debate about the standard model for dark matter that proposes that it is ‘cold,’ meaning that the particles move slowly compared to the speed of light which is tied to the mass of dark matter particles. The lower the mass of the particle, the ‘warmer’ it is and the faster it will move.

On January 9, NASA physicists using the Hubble Space Telescope reported that although the type of particle that makes up dark matter is still a mystery, a compelling observational test for the cold dark matter passed “with flying colors,” The NASA team used a new “cosmic magnifying glasses” technique that found that dark matter forms much smaller clumps than previously known, confirming one of the fundamental predictions of the widely accepted “cold dark matter” theory.

Physicists at the University of California, Davis, taking the temperature of dark matter, the mysterious substance that makes up about a quarter of our universe now report that the model of cold (more massive) dark matter holds at very large scales” said Chris Fassnacht, a physics professor at UC Davis, “but doesn’t work so well on the scale of individual galaxies.” That’s led to other models including ‘warm’ dark matter with lighter, faster-moving particles and ‘hot’ dark matter with particles moving close to the speed of light that have been ruled out by observations.

Continue reading “Dark Matter Particles the Size of Planets? --‘Yes’ Say ‘Cold-Model’ Physicists” »

Oct 7, 2020

An earlier universe existed before the Big Bang, and can still be observed today, says Nobel winner

Posted by in categories: cosmology, futurism

O,.o.


Sir Roger Penrose: ‘The Big Bang was not the beginning. There was something before, and that something is what we will have in our future’

Oct 7, 2020

Nobel Prize in Physics Awarded to 3 Scientists for Work on Black Holes

Posted by in categories: cosmology, physics

The prize was awarded half to Roger Penrose for showing how black holes could form and half to Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez for discovering a supermassive object at the Milky Way’s center.

Oct 7, 2020

We Now Have Proof a Supernova Exploded Perilously Close to Earth 2.5 Million Years Ago

Posted by in category: cosmology

In its 4.5 billion year history, Earth has had to run the gauntlet. Numerous catastrophes have imperilled the planet, from massive impacts, to volcanic conflagrations, to frigid episodes of snowball Earth. Yet life persists.

Among all of the hazards that threaten a planet, the most potentially calamitous might be a nearby star exploding as a supernova.

Continue reading “We Now Have Proof a Supernova Exploded Perilously Close to Earth 2.5 Million Years Ago” »

Oct 6, 2020

Nobel Prize for Physics awarded to scientists for discovering ‘most exotic objects in the universe’

Posted by in categories: cosmology, physics

Three scientists have won this year’s Nobel Prize in Physics for advancing our understanding of black holes, the all-consuming monsters that lurk in the darkest parts of the universe.

Oct 4, 2020

Scientists conduct a gravity test at the edge of a black hole for the first time

Posted by in category: cosmology

Using the famous picture of a black hole captured last year, scientists measured gravity at the edge of black hole M87*.

Oct 4, 2020

Astronomers Find Monster Black Hole With 6 Galaxies Trapped in Its Gravitational Web

Posted by in category: cosmology

Astronomers have discovered six galaxies ensnared in the cosmic “spider’s web” of a supermassive black hole soon after the Big Bang, according to research published Thursday that could help explain the development of these enigmatic monsters.

Black holes that emerged early in the history of the Universe are thought to have formed from the collapse of the first stars, but astronomers have puzzled over how they expanded into giants.

The newly discovered black hole — which dates from when the Universe was not even a billion years old — weighs in at 1 billion times the mass of our Sun and was spotted by the European Southern Observatory (ESO).

Continue reading “Astronomers Find Monster Black Hole With 6 Galaxies Trapped in Its Gravitational Web” »

Oct 4, 2020

Hubble Detects Smallest Known Dark Matter Clumps

Posted by in categories: cosmology, particle physics

Using NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope and a new observing technique, astronomers have found that dark matter forms much smaller clumps than previously known. This result confirms one of the fundamental predictions of the widely accepted “cold dark matter” theory.

All galaxies, according to this theory, form and are embedded within clouds of dark matter. Dark matter itself consists of slow-moving, or “cold,” particles that come together to form structures ranging from hundreds of thousands of times the mass of the Milky Way galaxy to clumps no more massive than the heft of a commercial airplane. (In this context, “cold” refers to the particles’ speed.)

The Hubble observation yields new insights into the nature of dark matter and how it behaves. “We made a very compelling observational test for the cold dark matter model and it passes with flying colors,” said Tommaso Treu of the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), a member of the observing team.

Continue reading “Hubble Detects Smallest Known Dark Matter Clumps” »

Oct 3, 2020

Why some physicists really think there’s a ‘mirror universe’ hiding in space-time

Posted by in categories: cosmology, particle physics

What happens if you turn space-time upside-down?


A cycle of false tabloid claims that NASA had discovered a “parallel universe” papered over a far deeper story about particles, the cosmos, and what happens when you turn spacetime upside-down.

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