Archive for the ‘cosmology’ category: Page 7

Jul 27, 2023

Why the Big Bang might not have been the beginning of our Universe

Posted by in categories: cosmology, physics

The Big Bang marks the birth of the Universe, right? The physicists brave enough to look beyond it aren’t so sure.

Jul 27, 2023

Astronomers reveal new features of galactic black holes

Posted by in categories: cosmology, materials

Black holes are the most mysterious objects in the universe, with features that sound like they come straight from a sci-fi movie.

Stellar-mass with masses of roughly 10 suns, for example, reveal their existence by eating materials from their companion stars. And in some instances, accumulate at the center of some galaxies to form bright compact regions known as quasars with masses equal to millions to billions of our sun. A subset of accreting stellar-mass that can launch jets of highly magnetized plasma are called microquasars.

An international team of scientists, including UNLV astrophysicist Bing Zhang, reports in Nature on a dedicated observational campaign on the galactic microquasar dubbed GRS 1915+105. The team revealed features of a microquasar system that have never before been seen.

Jul 27, 2023

Our Universe wasn’t empty, even before the Big Bang

Posted by in category: cosmology

All of the matter and radiation we measure today originated in a hot Big Bang long ago. The Universe was never empty, not even before that.

Jul 26, 2023

The James Webb Space Telescope never disproved the Big Bang. Here’s how that falsehood spread

Posted by in category: cosmology

In a troubling indicator of the state of science denialism, James Webb Space Telescope findings were twisted to undermine the Big Bang theory.

Jul 24, 2023

Dark Matter Stars are REAL?!

Posted by in category: cosmology

Did the JWST just find evidence for dark matter stars? NASA released new findings by the james webb telescope where it may have found three possible candidat…

Jul 24, 2023

New advances in formation theory of supermassive black holes

Posted by in categories: cosmology, physics

With breakthroughs in astronomical observation, scientists now have confirmed the existence of supermassive black holes at the centers of galaxies. The recent release of black hole images has further charged people’s curiosity about black holes while providing additional evidence to support Einstein’s general theory of relativity.

These supermassive range in mass from millions to billions of solar masses. Astonishingly, some of these black holes have formed less than a billion years after the Big Bang. Understanding how these black holes formed and grew to such enormous mass in such a short period of time has always been an important topic in modern astrophysics.

A research team composed of Chi-Hong Lin and Ke-Jung Chen from the Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica (ASIAA) and Chorng-Yuan Hwang from the Institute of Astronomy at National Central University has made significant new advances in the formation theory of supermassive black holes. The research results have been published in The Astrophysical Journal.

Jul 24, 2023

James Webb Telescope Detects ‘Dark Stars’ Made of Annihilating Dark Matter!

Posted by in categories: cosmology, physics

Another day, another mind-bending discovery by the James Webb Space telescope!And this time it has caught glimpse of possible first ever Dark Stars! What are dark stars and why is this discovery so huge?

Intriguing insights have emerged from a collaborative effort involving three astrophysicists from The University of Texas at Austin, and Colgate University. Their investigation delved into the images captured by the James Webb Space Telescope, leading to the identification of three luminous objects that could potentially be dark stars.#darkmatter #stars #jameswebbspacetelescope Join Lab360 to get access to some amazing perks:

Continue reading “James Webb Telescope Detects ‘Dark Stars’ Made of Annihilating Dark Matter!” »

Jul 24, 2023

Probing the Abyss: Fermilab’s Dark SRF Experiment Illuminates the Search for Dark Photons

Posted by in categories: cosmology, particle physics

The Dark SRF experiment at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory has achieved unprecedented sensitivity in the search for hypothetical dark photons. By innovatively employing superconducting radio frequency (SRF) cavities, researchers can now explore different potential mass ranges for these elusive particles, pushing the boundaries of our understanding of dark matter.

Scientists working on the Dark SRF experiment at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory have demonstrated unprecedented sensitivity in an experimental setup used to search for theorized particles called dark photons.

Researchers trapped ordinary, massless photons in devices called superconducting radio frequency cavities to look for the transition of those photons into their hypothesized dark sector counterparts. The experiment has put the world’s best constraint on the dark photon.

Jul 24, 2023

How Oppeheimer Visualizes “Almost Magical” Shift “From Classic Physics to Quantum Physics”

Posted by in categories: cosmology, military, quantum physics

Similar to Interstellar, Oppenheimer (now in theaters) finds Christopher Nolan at his most abstract, with the director working overtime to ascribe a visual language to concepts just beyond our comprehension.

It wasn’t enough to simply make a biopic about the father of the atomic bomb — he needed to take us inside the extraordinary theoretical mind of J. Robert Oppenheimer (played in the film by Cillian Murphy) and show us the Big Bang-like birth of quantum physics and how it directly led to the creation of the atomic bomb.

RELATED: Oppenheimer’s Atomic Bombs Marked a New Geologic Age of Humans.

Jul 24, 2023

An Enormous Cosmological Simulation Wraps Up, Recreating Even More of the Universe

Posted by in categories: cosmology, evolution, particle physics

There’s an old joke among astronomy students about a question on the final exam for a cosmology class. It goes like this: “Describe the Universe and give three examples.” Well, a team of researchers in Germany, the U.S., and the UK took a giant leap toward giving at least one accurate example of the Universe.

To do it, they used a set of simulations called “MillenniumTNG”. It traces the buildup of galaxies and cosmic structure across time. It also provides new insight into the standard cosmological model of the Universe. It’s the latest in cosmological simulations, joining such ambitious efforts as the AbacusSummit project of a couple of years ago.

This simulation project takes into account as many aspects of cosmic evolution as possible. It uses simulations of regular (baryonic) matter (which is what we see in the Universe). It also includes dark matter, neutrinos, and the still-mysterious dark energy on the formation mechanisms of the Universe. That’s a tall order.

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