Archive for the ‘food’ category: Page 12

Sep 19, 2023

From Human Uniqueness to Mental Imagery: This Week’s Top 5 Neuroscience Insights, September 17, 2023

Posted by in categories: computing, food, neuroscience

Summary: New research delves into the distinctive human trait of sequential memory, setting us apart from bonobos. A recent study has also highlighted the joy in chasing passions over accomplishments. Groundbreaking discoveries show the human brain’s computational prowess, mirroring high-powered computers.

Additionally, the footprint of Big Tobacco is evident in the modern American diet through the promotion of hyperpalatable foods. Lastly, understanding the range of mind’s visualization abilities, from hyperphantasia to aphantasia, opens avenues for innovative treatments.

Sep 17, 2023

Overeating and addiction may have roots in early human brain evolution and prosocial behaviors

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, evolution, food, health, neuroscience

Research led by the Department of Anthropology and School of Biomedical Sciences, Kent State University, Ohio, has investigated neuropeptide Y innervation in an area of the brain called the nucleus accumbens of various primate species, including humans. The research was focused on understanding its role in brain evolution and any implications for human health, particularly regarding addiction and eating disorders.

In a paper, “Hedonic eating, obesity, and addiction result from increased neuropeptide Y in the nucleus accumbens during human ,” published in PNAS, the researchers suggest that the combination of increased neuropeptide Y (NPY) and dopamine (DA) within the human nucleus accumbens (NAc) may have allowed for enhanced . This same configuration may have also made humans exceptionally vulnerable to eating disorders and , hinting at addictive traits having a deep evolutionary origin.

NPY plays a role in the reward system, emotional behavior and is associated with increased alcohol use, drug addiction and . The NAc brain region is central to motivation and action, exhibiting one of the highest densities of NPY in the brain and is of great interest to researchers investigating brain-related promoters of addiction.

Sep 17, 2023

Vertical farms could take over the world | Hard Reset by Freethink

Posted by in categories: energy, food, space, sustainability

Vertical farming saves water, land, and energy — and it could be how we grow food on Mars.

Subscribe here: http://freeth.ink/youtube-subscribe-verticalfarming.

Continue reading “Vertical farms could take over the world | Hard Reset by Freethink” »

Sep 16, 2023

These farmers want to salt the earth — and grow crops in it

Posted by in categories: food, genetics

As salt encroaches on productive agricultural land, a handful of startups are finding ways to make crops grow in seawater with genetic modification and transforming solar saltwork.

Sep 16, 2023

Coca-Cola Uses AI to Create a Futuristic Coke Flavor

Posted by in categories: food, robotics/AI

Artificial intelligence experiments with artificial sweeteners.

Sep 16, 2023

World first: 3D-printed vegan salmon now in supermarkets

Posted by in category: food

Revo Foods.

This is according to a press release acquired by Interesting Engineering on Tuesday.

Sep 16, 2023

Fiber from crustaceans, insects, mushrooms promotes digestion

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, cyborgs, food

Digesting a crunchy critter starts with the audible grinding of its rigid protective covering — the exoskeleton. Unpalatable as it may sound, the hard cover might be good for the metabolism, according to a new study, in mice, from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. The researchers, led by Steven Van Dyken, PhD, an assistant professor of pathology & immunology, found in mice that digesting chitin, an abundant dietary fiber in insect exoskeletons and also mushrooms and crustacean shells, engages the immune system. An active immune response was linked to less weight gain, reduced body fat and a resistance to obesity. “Obesity is an epidemic,” Van Dyken said. “What we put into our bodies has a profound effect on our physiology and on how we metabolize food. We’re investigating ways to counteract obesity based on what we learn about how the immune system is engaged by diet.”

Findings, in mice, suggest engaging immune system with such fiber to counteract obesity.

Sep 16, 2023

Filipino engineer invents easier-to-use microscope the size of a keychain, wins Dyson prize

Posted by in categories: bioengineering, food

When you think about it, it seems impossible: a microscope so small and lightweight you can carry it like a keychain. But enter the Make-roscope, an invention of Jeremy De Leon, a 28-year-old Manufacturing Engineering graduate of Mapua University.

Used with a smartphone or tablet—simply place the Make-roscope on top of the gadget’s front camera—the invention can magnify organisms up to 400 times. And because it is made of food-grade silicone and a special type of lens, it is also handy, waterproof, and will be good to use for a very long time. While the principles behind pocket microscopes already exist, Jeremy’s new design innovation provides better ease of use.

Jeremy’s Make-roscope kit, which includes an information card, tweezers, keychain, cleaning cloth, blank glass slides, prepared specimen, pipette, specimen tubes, and cotton swabs, won the biggest prize in the Philippine leg of the James Dyson Award out of 47 entries from 12 universities. Jeremy says he will use the P330,000 prize money to further develop his invention.

Sep 15, 2023

Algorithm allows farmers to monitor crops in real time

Posted by in categories: food, information science

Farmers across the United States will be able to monitor their crops in real time, thanks to a novel algorithm from researchers in South Dakota State University’s Geospatial Sciences Center of Excellence.

Two years ago, Yu Shen, research assistant in the GSCE, and Xiaoyang Zhang, professor in the Department of Geography and Geospatial Sciences and co-director at the GSCE, began investigating if it would be possible to make crop monitoring more efficient.

“Previously, crop progress was monitored by visually looking at the plants,” Shen explained.

Sep 15, 2023

Genetically modified bacteria may eat up ocean plastic waste

Posted by in categories: food, genetics, sustainability

This genetically engineered microorganism has the ability to break down a type of plastic known as polyethylene terephthalate (PET).

Various bacterial species have demonstrated an extraordinary ability to degrade plastics, which are synthetic polymers known for their long-lasting and non-biodegradable characteristics.

Research in this area continues to advance to create viable and sustainable solutions to combat the growing menace of plastic waste in terrestrial and marine environments.

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