Archive for the ‘food’ category: Page 4

Jun 23, 2023

New ‘atlas’ maps bacteria and metabolites associated with elevated risk of cardiovascular disease

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, food

A Cleveland Clinic research team has published an “atlas” of metabolites associated with cardiovascular disease in the European Heart Journal. The novel findings provide key details about the routes and potential branching paths taken by bacteria and metabolic by-products, metabolites.

The study mapped out the multiple by-products of bacteria-processing associated with and then compared that to patient data to assess disease risk in two large cohorts—one in the US and another in Europe.

Bacteria in and on our bodies produce metabolites through processing certain molecules, referred to as precursors. Precursors can come in components of our diet, like protein, or as other metabolized substances. Probiotics (living organisms) and prebiotics (fiber, starch) have increasingly been introduced in foods or supplements as possible clinical interventions.

Jun 22, 2023

Titan Sub Crushed Crew Lost

Posted by in categories: education, food, habitats, space

Debris field found — the crew perished in a catastrophic implosion. What are the lessons to be learned from this? How does this apply to future space, stratospheric, and oceanic tourism?

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Jun 22, 2023

AI could change the future of yogurt—and turn Danone around

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, food, health, robotics/AI

Making the yogurt of the future requires a cast of 21st-century helpers: machine learning, gut science and even a mysterious artificial stomach.

At a new Danone facility near Paris, researchers feed dollops of yogurt into globular glass vessels and plastic tubes designed to mimic the human gut. Once the bacteria inside show they can survive the digestive juices, artificial intelligence is put to work to probe their potential health benefits.

To consumers bombarded with claims about the supposed power of probiotics, the goal may sound familiar: souped-up yogurt. But the owner of Activia and Actimel is betting technology can yield answers on which friendly bacteria work best and why, giving its products a scientific edge at a time when revenue is lagging and consumers are growing wary of .

Jun 19, 2023

Meet the beagles protecting American agriculture

Posted by in category: food

Scheele said that most of the dogs are rescues coming from the Atlanta area, which is near the USDA National Detector Dog Training Center.

Before they can be trained, the dogs are tested for temperament and to make sure they can detect five basic scents. Scheele said the detector dogs have to be food-driven animals, which he said (suprisingly) all dogs are not.

“That’s pork, beef, citrus, mango and apple,” Scheele said. “That’s to prove that the dog has the capability to do it and has the temperament to work in an environment like an airport or at a cargo facility, around the darkness or chaos that goes with imported goods or that sort of thing.”

Jun 16, 2023

Genome editing used to create disease-resistant rice

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, food

Researchers from the University of California, Davis, and an international team of scientists have used the genome-editing tool CRISPR-Cas to create disease-resistant rice plants, according to a new study published in the journal Nature June 14.

Small-scale field trials in China showed that the newly-created variety, developed through genome editing of a recently discovered gene, exhibited both and resistance to the fungus that causes a serious disease called . Rice is an essential crop that feeds half of the world’s population.

Guotian Li, a co-lead author of the study, initially discovered a mutant known as a lesion mimic mutant while working as a postdoctoral scholar in Pamela Ronald’s lab at UC Davis. Ronald is co-lead author and Distinguished Professor in the Department of Plant Pathology and the Genome Center.

Jun 16, 2023

Aging Is the Real Population Bomb

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, food, life extension, policy

Population aging is the top global demographic trend; the pandemic can teach us how to prepare for it.

Total world population passed the 8 billion milestone on November 15, 2022. The progression from 7 to 8 billion people took a mere 12 years, conjuring up long-standing fears associated with rapid population growth, including food shortages, rampant unemployment, the depletion of natural resources, and unchecked environmental degradation.

But the most formidable demographic challenge facing the world is no longer rapid population growth, but population aging. Thoughtful preparedness—combining behavioral changes, investment in human capital and infrastructure, policy and institutional reforms, and technological innovations—can enable countries to meet the challenge and take advantage of the opportunities presented by demographic change.

Jun 15, 2023

Frozen fruit sold at H-E-B, Costco, Walmart recalled for potential Hepatitis A contamination

Posted by in categories: food, sustainability

Select packages of frozen fruit sold at H-E-B, Costco and Walmart in Texas are being recalled due to a potential risk of Hepatitis A contamination.

Willamette Valley Fruit Co. is recalling bags of frozen fruit that contain strawberries grown in Mexico.

The recall affects Great Value Sliced Strawberries, Great Value Mixed Fruit, Great Value Antioxidant Blend, Rader Farms Organic Fresh Start Smoothie Blend, and Rader Farms Organic Berry Trio distributed by H-E-B, Costco, and Walmart.

Jun 14, 2023

Strawberry products sold in 32 states recalled

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, food

TOPEKA, Kan. (KSNT) — Multiple packages of frozen fruit, specifically strawberries, are being recalled due to possible Hepatitis A contamination.

The Food and Drug Administration said Willamette Valley Fruit Co. of Salem, Oregon, is voluntarily recalling select packages of frozen strawberries and a frozen fruit blend containing strawberries. The impacted strawberries were grown in Mexico and are potentially carrying Hepatitis A.

Hepatitis A is a contagious liver disease caused by the Hepatitis A virus, which can be spread through close contact with someone who is infected, or by eating foods or consuming beverages that have been contaminated, according to the CDC.

Jun 12, 2023

Harnessing Quantum Physics: New Visualization Technique Gives Insight Into Photosynthesis

Posted by in categories: energy, food, mapping, quantum physics, sustainability

Photosynthesis. The maps elucidate the complex energy transfer process in photosynthesizing bacteria, providing a clear picture of how sunlight energy is channeled from the outer to the inner molecular ring of the light-harvesting complex.

Systems obeying quantum mechanics are notoriously difficult to visualize, but researchers at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign have developed an illustration technique that displays quantum features in an easy-to-read diagram called a coherence map. The researchers used these maps to study the quantum mechanisms that underlay photosynthesis, the process by which plants and some bacteria use sunlight to convert carbon dioxide and water into food.

Jun 12, 2023

Philippines’ Mayon Volcano spews lava down its slopes in gentle eruption putting thousands on alert

Posted by in category: food

LEGAZPI, Philippines (AP) — The Philippines’ most active volcano was gently spewing lava down its slopes Monday, alerting tens of thousands of people they may have to quickly flee a violent and life-threatening explosion.

More than 12,600 people have left the mostly poor farming communities within a 6-kilometer (3.7-mile) radius of Mayon Volcano’s crater in mandatory evacuations since volcanic activity increased last week. But thousands more remain within the permanent danger zone below Mayon, an area long declared off-limits to people but where generations have lived and farmed because they have nowhere else to go.

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