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Archive for the ‘nanotechnology’ category: Page 3

Jul 7, 2022

Researchers build longest, highly conductive molecular nanowire

Posted by in categories: chemistry, nanotechnology

As our devices get smaller and smaller, the use of molecules as the main components in electronic circuitry is becoming ever more critical. Over the past 10 years, researchers have been trying to use single molecules as conducting wires because of their small scale, distinct electronic characteristics, and high tunability. But in most molecular wires, as the length of the wire increases, the efficiency by which electrons are transmitted across the wire decreases exponentially. This limitation has made it especially challenging to build a long molecular wire—one that is much longer than a nanometer—that actually conducts electricity well.

Columbia researchers announced that they have built a nanowire that is 2.6 nanometers long, shows an unusual increase in conductance as the wire length increases, and has quasi-metallic properties. Its excellent conductivity holds great promise for the field of molecular electronics, enabling electronic devices to become even tinier.

The study is published in Nature Chemistry (“Highly conducting single-molecule topological insulators based on mono-and di-radical cations”).

Jul 3, 2022

World’s first ultra-fast photonic computing processor using polarization

Posted by in categories: computing, nanotechnology

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In a paper published today in Science Advances, researchers at the University of Oxford have developed a method using the polarization of light to maximize information storage density and computing performance using nanowires.

Jul 2, 2022

The Rise of Artificial Brains — Nanowire Brain Powers Artificial Intelligence

Posted by in categories: biological, nanotechnology, robotics/AI

Artificial Intelligence is outgrowing the current pace of Hardware Improvements and requires a new kind of technology to keep up and enable future AI Applications. Scientists seem to have found that creating artificial brains out of nanowire can mimic the human brain and power the biggest and smartest AI models ever made at relatively low energy consumption.

Today’s deep neural networks already mimic one aspect of the brain: its highly interconnected network of neurons. But artificial neurons behave very differently than biological ones, as they only carry out computations. In the brain, neurons are also able to remember their previous activity, which then influences their future behavior. This in-built memory is a crucial aspect of how the brain processes information, and a major strand in neuromorphic engineering focuses on trying to recreate this functionality. This has resulted in a wide range of designs for so-called “memristors”: electrical components whose response depends on the previous signals they have been exposed to.

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Jul 2, 2022

Nanomachines, Post-Scarcity, and the Universal Constructor (Replicator)

Posted by in categories: bitcoin, cryptocurrencies, nanotechnology

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Jul 2, 2022

New exotic protein rotors and axels will help nanomachines move faster

Posted by in categories: innovation, nanotechnology

Our ability to create nano scale products is getting better fast, and these breakthroughs could transform every industry from manufacturing to healthcare and beyond.

Jul 1, 2022

The Next Century of War

Posted by in categories: drones, internet, nanotechnology, robotics/AI, space

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Future battlefields will employ ever-more technology, whether that battlefield is on earth, in the sea, in space, or in cyberspace. Today we will examine the roles robots, drones, artificial intelligence, armored suits, and nanotech may play in the future of war.

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Jul 1, 2022

Universal optothermal micro/nanoscale rotors

Posted by in categories: biological, nanotechnology, robotics/AI, transportation

The fundamental rotation of micro and nano-objects is crucial for the functionality of micro and nanorobotics, as well as three-dimensional imaging and lab-on-a-chip systems. These optical rotation methods can function fuel-free and remotely, and are therefore better suited for experiments, while current methods require laser beams with designed intensity profiles or objects with sophisticated shapes. These requirements are challenging for simpler optical setups with light-driven rotation of a variety of objects, including biological cells.

In a new report now published in Science Advances, Hongru Ding and a research team in engineering and at the University of Texas at Austin, U.S., developed a universal approach for the out-of-plane rotation of various objects based on an arbitrary low-power laser beam. The scientists positioned the laser source away from the objects to reduce optical damage from direct illumination and combined the rotation mechanism via optothermal coupling with rigorous experiments, coupled to multiscale simulations. The general applicability and biocompatibility of the universal light-driven rotation platform is instrumental for a range of engineering and scientific applications.

Jul 1, 2022

Michelle Simmons: quantum machines at the atomic limit | The Royal Society

Posted by in categories: biological, nanotechnology, particle physics, quantum physics

Join Professor Michelle Simmons to find out how scientists are delivering Richard Feynman’s dream of designing materials at the atomic limit for quantum machines. 🔔Subscribe to our channel for exciting science videos and live events, many hosted by Brian Cox, our Professor for Public Engagement: https://bit.ly/3fQIFXB

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Jun 30, 2022

Self Replicating Machines

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, nanotechnology

A look at the concept of Self-Replicating Machines, Universal Assemblers, von Neumann Probes, Grey Goo, and Berserkers. While we will discuss the basic concept and some on-Earth applications like Medical Nanotechnology our focus will be on space exploration and colonization aspects.

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Jun 30, 2022

Materials with nanoscale components will change what’s possible

Posted by in categories: engineering, nanotechnology

This year’s 35 Innovators are making it possible for familiar materials like glass, steel, and electronics to have completely new properties.

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