БЛОГ

Archive for the ‘neuroscience’ category: Page 6

Jun 6, 2019

The Crucial Role of Brain Simulation in Future Neuroscience

Posted by in categories: futurism, neuroscience

“Do we have a chance of ever understanding brain function without brain simulations?” So asked the Human Brain Project (HBP), the brainchild of Henry Markram, in a new paper in the prestigious journal Neuron.

The key, the team argued, is to consider brain simulators in the vein of calculus for Newton’s laws—not as specific ideas of how the brain works, but rather as a programming language that can execute many candidate neural models, or programs, now and in the future. When viewed not as a vanity project, but rather as the way forward to understand—and eventually imitate—higher brain functions, the response to brain simulation is a resounding yes.

Because of the brain’s complexity and chaotic nature, the authors argue, rather than reining in simulation efforts, we need to ramp up and develop multiple “brain-simulation engines” with varying levels of detail.

Continue reading “The Crucial Role of Brain Simulation in Future Neuroscience” »

Jun 6, 2019

Scientists identify gene that helps people live to a ripe old age

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, genetics, neuroscience

Researchers at Amsterdam’s UMC have identified a rare gene that halves people’s chances of developing dementia in old age.

People with the genetic variant, which occurs in around 1% of the population, are also more likely to live longer. The researchers studied 16 different sample populations in Europe and North America, including a number of people over the age of 100, for the study published in the journal Acta Neuropathologica.

The discovery could potentially be used to treat Alzheimer’s disease and other degenerative illnesses such as frontotemporal and Lewy body dementia.

Continue reading “Scientists identify gene that helps people live to a ripe old age” »

Jun 5, 2019

China Has Released A Computer Chip That ‘Talks’ To Your Brain

Posted by in categories: computing, neuroscience

Brain computer interfaces (BCIs) promise to allow communication between brains and computer devices. The “Brain Talker” is a new model that looks set to make the technology go mainstream.

Read more

Jun 5, 2019

Pfizer had clues its blockbuster drug could prevent Alzheimer’s but kept it secret

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, neuroscience

Why didn’t it tell the world? Drug companies frequently have been pilloried for not fully disclosing negative side effects of their drugs. What happens when the opposite is the case?

A team of researchers inside Pfizer made a startling find in 2015: The company’s blockbuster rheumatoid arthritis therapy Enbrel, a powerful anti-inflammatory drug, appeared to reduce the risk of Alzheimer’s disease by 64 percent.

The results were from an analysis of hundreds of thousands of insurance claims. Verifying that the drug would actually have that effect in people would require a costly clinical trial — and after several years of internal discussion, Pfizer opted against further investigation and chose not to make the data public, the company confirmed.

Continue reading “Pfizer had clues its blockbuster drug could prevent Alzheimer’s but kept it secret” »

Jun 5, 2019

Death redefined: how pig brain function was restored after slaughter

Posted by in category: neuroscience

Brain death isn’t the end… at least, not for the slaughtered pigs who had their brains revived, thanks a new technique.

Read more

Jun 4, 2019

Bill Andrews — Gene Editing, Stem Cells, NAD, Parabiosis, Senolytics

Posted by in categories: bioengineering, biotech/medical, neuroscience

I didn’t know Bill Andrews created the treatments Liz Parrish took. Also, he has an Alzheimer’s human test next month.

Read more

Jun 4, 2019

Antipsychotic meds show promise in treating meningitis

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, health, neuroscience

French scientists find common mental health drugs combat rapid and sometimes deadly brain infection. Andrew Masterson reports.

Read more

Jun 4, 2019

Telomerase Gene Therapy Ameliorates Neurodegeneration in Mice

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, life extension, neuroscience

A group of Spanish researchers, including Dr. Maria Blasco and others at the CNIO, have published a new study that examines the consequences of short telomeres and telomerase deficiency on the brain [1].

This study addresses an aspect of telomere attrition, one of the primary hallmarks of aging. Telomeres are repeating sequences of DNA (TTAGGG) that can can reach a length of 15,000 base pairs and appear at the ends of chromosomes, acting as protective caps. They prevent damage, stop chromosomes from fusing with each other, and prevent chromosomes from losing base pair sequences at their end during cell replication.

Read more

Jun 4, 2019

Evidence for Adult Neurogenesis in Humans Even in Very Late Life

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, life extension, neuroscience

The past year or so has seen an energetic debate over whether or not new neurons are generated in the adult human brain, a process known as neurogenesis. This process is well known and well studied in mice, and thought to be very important in the resilience and maintenance of brain tissue. The human data has always been limited, however, due to the challenges inherent in working with brain tissue in living people, and it was assumed was that the mouse data was representative of the state of neurogenesis in other mammals. In this environment, the publication of a careful study that seemed to rule out the existence of neurogenesis in adult humans produced some upheaval, and spurred many other teams to assess the human brain with greater rigor than was previously the case.

So far, all of the following studies published so far do in fact show evidence of adult neurogenesis in humans. This is the better of the two outcomes, as the regenerative medicine community has based a great deal of work on the prospect of being able to upregulate neurogenesis in order to better repair injuries to the central nervous system, or partially reverse the decline of cognitive function in the aging brain. The study here is particularly reassuring, as it shows that even in very late life there are signs that new neurons are being generated in the brain.

Read more

Jun 4, 2019

World-first pill may stop Parkinson’s

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, neuroscience

A new therapy that appears to stop Parkinson’s disease “in its tracks” will begin phase-one clinical trials in humans next year.

The therapy, developed by researchers at the University of Queensland – and partly under-written by the Michael J Fox Foundation – is a world first because it stops the death of brain cells in Parkinson’s sufferers rather than managing symptoms.

Continue reading “World-first pill may stop Parkinson’s” »

Page 6 of 271First345678910Last