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Archive for the ‘particle physics’ category: Page 147

Aug 19, 2015

Scientists Discover a Jewel at the Heart of Quantum Physics

Posted by in categories: particle physics, space

Physicists have discovered a jewel-shaped geometric object that challenges the notion that space, time and particles are fundamental constituents of nature.

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Aug 17, 2015

Mystery Deepens: Matter and Antimatter Are Mirror Images

Posted by in category: particle physics

Matter and antimatter appear to be perfect mirror images of each other as far as anyone can see, scientists have discovered with unprecedented precision, foiling hope of solving the mystery as to why there is far more matter than antimatter in the universe.

Everyday matter is made up of protons, neutrons or electrons. These particles have counterparts known as antiparticles — antiprotons, antineutrons and positrons, respectively — that have the same mass but the opposite electric charge. (Although neutrons and antineutrons are both neutrally charged, they are each made of particles known as quarks that possess fractional electrical charges, and the charges of these quarks are equal and opposite to one another in neutrons and antineutrons.)

The known universe is composed of everyday matter. The profound mystery is, why the universe is not made up of equal parts antimatter, since the Big Bang that is thought to have created the universe 13.7 billion years ago produced equal amounts of both. And if matter and antimatter appear to be mirror images of each other in every respect save their electrical charge, there might not be much any of either type of matter left — matter and antimatter annihilate when they encounter each other. [The 9 Biggest Unsolved Mysteries in Physics].

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Aug 13, 2015

Quantum computing advance locates neutral atoms

Posted by in categories: computing, particle physics

For any computer, being able to manipulate information is essential, but for quantum computing, singling out one data location without influencing any of the surrounding locations is difficult. Now, a team of Penn State physicists has a method for addressing individual neutral atoms without changing surrounding atoms.

“There are a set of things that we have to have to do quantum computing,” said David S. Weiss, professor of physics. “We are trying to step down that list and meet the various criteria. Addressability is one step.”

Quantum computers are constructed and operate in completely different ways from the conventional digital computers used today. While conventional computers store information in bits, 1‘s and 0’s, quantum computers store information in qubits. Because of a strange aspect of quantum mechanics called superposition, a qubit can be in both its 0 and 1 state at the same time. The methods of encoding information onto , ions or Josephson junctions—electronic devices used in precise measurement, to create quantum computers—are currently the subject of much research. Along with superposition, quantum computers will also take advantage of the quantum mechanical phenomena of entanglement, which can create a mutually dependent group of qubits that must be considered as a whole rather than individually.

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Aug 3, 2015

Quantum batteries could allow for super-fast charging thanks to entanglement

Posted by in category: particle physics

Entangled particles could one day allow your phone to charge at warp speed.

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Aug 1, 2015

Physicists Restart Souped-Up Hadron Collider

Posted by in category: particle physics

CERN’s Large Hadron Collider, after a two-year shutdown, has begun a new quest to probe some of the biggest puzzles about the universe, such as dark matter and the possible presence of other dimensions.

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Jul 23, 2015

Scientists have finally discovered massless particles, and they could revolutionise electronics

Posted by in categories: electronics, particle physics

After 85 years of searching, researchers have confirmed the existence of a massless particle called the Weyl fermion for the first time ever. With the unique ability to behave as both matter and anti-matter inside a crystal, this strange particle can create electrons that have no mass.

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Jul 18, 2015

Discovery Of Massless Weyl Fermion Particle Could Revolutionize Electronics

Posted by in categories: electronics, particle physics

Two separate teams of researchers have found evidence for a theorized type of massless particle known as a “Weyl fermion.” The discovery was made by scientists at Princeton University in New Jersey and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and could herald a whole new age of better electronics.

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Jul 18, 2015

Massless particle discovered 85 years after it was theorized

Posted by in category: particle physics

Researchers have discovered a massless particle, which was first theorized 85 years ago and thought to be a building block for other subatomic particles.

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Jul 18, 2015

Physicists confirm rare pentaquarks discovery

Posted by in category: particle physics

Researchers have confirmed the existence of two pentaquark states, rare subatomic particles made up of five quarks.

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Jul 18, 2015

After 85-year search, massless particle with promise for next-generation electronics found

Posted by in categories: electronics, particle physics

Scientists have discovered Weyl fermions, elusive massless particles theorized 85 years ago that could give rise to faster and more efficient electronics because of their unusual ability to behave as matter and antimatter inside a crystal.

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