Archive for the ‘physics’ category: Page 3

Dec 25, 2023

Dark stars may be waiting in a mirror universe for us to discover them

Posted by in categories: cosmology, physics

Physicists have proposed that a mirror universe alongside our own might explain dark matter – and we might be able to see traces of its stars.

By Jonathan O’Callaghan

Dec 25, 2023

Cosmic Oddity Explained: Astrophysicists Discover Why Our Supergalactic Plane Lacks Spiral Galaxies

Posted by in categories: physics, space, supercomputing

Astrophysicists have discovered why spiral galaxies like the Milky Way are rare in the Supergalactic Plane, a dense region in our Local Universe. The research, led by Durham University and the University of Helsinki, used the SIBELIUS supercomputer simulation to show that galaxies in dense clusters on the Plane often merge, transforming spiral galaxies into elliptical ones. This finding, which aligns with telescope observations and supports the standard model of the Universe, helps explain a long-standing cosmic anomaly about galaxy distribution.

Astrophysicists say they have found an answer to why spiral galaxies like our own Milky Way are largely missing from a part of our Local Universe called the Supergalactic Plane.

The Supergalactic Plane is an enormous, flattened structure extending nearly a billion light years across in which our own Milky Way galaxy is embedded.

Dec 24, 2023

George F. R. Ellis — What Is Strong Emergence?

Posted by in categories: biological, chemistry, physics

The world works at different levels — fundamental physics, physics, chemistry, biology, psychology, sociology — with each level having its own rules and regularities. Here’s the deep question: Ultimately, can what happens at a higher level be explained entirely in terms of what happens at a lower level? If the answer is ‘No’, if complete explanatory reduction fails, then what else could be going on?\
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George Francis Rayner Ellis is the Emeritus Distinguished Professor of Complex Systems in the Department of Mathematics and Applied Mathematics at the University of Cape Town in South Africa.\
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Dec 24, 2023

Karl Friston: The Physics of Sentience

Posted by in category: physics

Dr. Karl Friston, University College London, applies the free energy principle to set forth an account of life, or self-organization, in terms of active inference. August 19th, 2023.

Dec 23, 2023

The First Stars and the Cosmic Dawn: A Journey to the Beginning of Time with Webb

Posted by in categories: alien life, chemistry, evolution, physics

Have you ever wondered what the universe looked like before the first stars were born? How did these stars form and how did they change the cosmos? These are some of the questions that the James Webb Space Telescope, or Webb for short, will try to answer. Webb is the most powerful and ambitious space telescope ever built, and it can observe the infrared light from the most distant and ancient objects in the universe, including the first stars. The first stars are extremely hard to find, because their light is very faint and redshifted by the expansion of the universe. But Webb has a huge mirror, a suite of advanced instruments, and a unique orbit that allows it to detect and study the first stars. By finding the first stars, Webb can learn a lot of information that can help us understand the early history and evolution of the universe, and test and refine the theoretical models and simulations of the first stars and their formation processes. Webb can also reveal new and unexpected phenomena and raise new questions about the first stars and their role in the universe. Webb is opening a new window to the cosmic dawn, where the first stars may shine. If you want to learn more about Webb and the first stars, check out this article1 from Universe Today. And don’t forget to like, share, and subscribe for more videos like this. Thanks for watching and see you next time. \
00:00 Introduction\
01:09 Finding the first stars\
03:21 Technical challenges and scientific opportunities\
07:18 Challenges and limitations \
10:04 Outro\
10:31 Enjoy\
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Dec 22, 2023

The Biggest Discoveries in Computer Science in 2023

Posted by in categories: internet, physics, robotics/AI, science

Quanta Magazine’s full list of the major computer science discoveries from 2023.

In 2023, artificial intelligence dominated popular culture — showing up in everything from internet memes to Senate hearings. Large language models such as those behind ChatGPT fueled a lot of this excitement, even as researchers still struggled to pry open the “black box” that describes their inner workings. Image generation systems also routinely impressed and unsettled us with their artistic abilities, yet these were explicitly founded on concepts borrowed from physics.

Continue reading “The Biggest Discoveries in Computer Science in 2023” »

Dec 22, 2023

Using ‘waste’ product from recent NASA research, scientists create transformative nanomaterials

Posted by in categories: chemistry, energy, nanotechnology, physics, space, sustainability

Researchers at the University of Sussex have discovered the transformative potential of Martian nanomaterials, potentially opening the door to sustainable habitation on the red planet.

Using resources and techniques currently applied on the International Space Station and by NASA, Dr. Conor Boland, a Lecturer in Materials Physics at the University of Sussex, led a research group that investigated the potential of nanomaterials—incredibly tiny components thousands of times smaller than a —for clean energy production and on Mars.

Taking what was considered a by NASA and applying only sustainable production methods, including water-based chemistry and low-energy processes, the researchers have successfully identified within gypsum nanomaterials—opening the door to potential clean energy and sustainable technology production on Mars.

Dec 21, 2023

Obtaining Tsallis entropy at the onset of chaos

Posted by in category: physics

Dr Alberto Robledo is a senior research scientist at Instituto de Física, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM). Robledo earned his undergraduate degree from UNAM and his doctorate from University of St Andrews, UK. He has conducted extensive research in the fields of statistical physics and complex systems for over fifty years.

Dec 20, 2023

This AI transformer tech-powered robot taught itself to walk

Posted by in categories: information science, physics, robotics/AI

The robot is blind and cannot see its environment but can continue to balance and walk, even if an object is hurled at it.

UC researchers Ilija Radosavovic and Bike Zhang wondered if “reinforcement learning,” a concept made popular by large language models (LLMs) last year, could also teach the robot how to adapt to changing needs. To test their theory, the duo started with one of the most basic functions humans can perform — walking.

Transformer model for learning

Continue reading “This AI transformer tech-powered robot taught itself to walk” »

Dec 20, 2023

Interdisciplinarity in biological physics

Posted by in categories: biological, physics

Research in biological physics often requires collaboration across different fields.

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