Archive for the ‘physics’ category: Page 4

Dec 8, 2019

The Universe Remembers Gravitational Waves — And We Can Find Them

Posted by in categories: physics, space

Gravitational waves leave behind a memory — a permanent bend in space-time — as they pass through.

Dec 5, 2019

Viewpoint: A Whole Surface of Exceptional Points

Posted by in categories: energy, physics

Researchers fabricated a cavity device with a large number of “exceptional points,” which are modes that exhibit exotic phenomena, such as extreme sensitivity to external parameters.

One of the fundamental laws of physics is that energy is conserved, but many local physical systems—seen in isolation—gain or lose energy. For example, a light bulb converts electrical power into radiation, which from the perspective of the electrical circuit is a loss of energy. By contrast, a light beam gains energy as it passes through an amplifying medium. Although one can model the inputs and outputs, it’s often mathematically simpler to just treat energy as a locally nonconserved quantity. Nonconservative systems, referred to as non-Hermitian, have attracted a great deal of interest because they can exhibit potentially useful phenomena, such as enhanced sensing [1] and robust single-mode lasing [2]. These phenomena are intimately related to the ability of non-Hermitian systems to support exceptional points, a type of degeneracy in which two or more modes suddenly coalesce into one (Fig. 1).

Dec 5, 2019

MIT creates an AI that understands the laws of physics intuitively

Posted by in categories: physics, robotics/AI

The system could allow scientsts to better understand how infants perceive the world.

Dec 3, 2019

Student Solves Physics Mystery That Has Puzzled Scientists for 100 Years

Posted by in category: physics

An École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) Bachelor’s student has solved a mystery that has puzzled scientists for 100 years. He discovered why gas bubbles in narrow vertical tubes seem to remain stuck instead of rising upwards. According to his research and observations, an ultra-thin film of liquid forms around the bubble, preventing it from rising freely. And he found that, in fact, the bubbles are not stuck at all – they are just moving very, very slowly.

Air bubbles in a glass of water float freely up to the surface, and the mechanisms behind this are easily explained by the basic laws of science. However, the same laws of science cannot explain why air bubbles in a tube a few millimeters thick don’t rise the same way.

Physicists first observed this phenomenon nearly a century ago, but couldn’t come up with an explanation – in theory, the bubbles shouldn’t encounter any resistance unless the fluid is in motion; thus a stuck bubble should encounter no resistance.

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Dec 3, 2019

Black Hole Singularities Are as Inescapable as Expected

Posted by in categories: cosmology, physics, singularity

For the first time, physicists have calculated exactly what kind of singularity lies at the center of a realistic black hole.

Dec 1, 2019

Physicists Have Identified a Metal That Conducts Electricity But Not Heat

Posted by in categories: materials, physics

Researchers have identified a metal that conducts electricity without conducting heat — an incredibly useful property that defies our current understanding of how conductors work.

The metal, found in 2017, contradicts something called the Wiedemann-Franz Law, which basically states that good conductors of electricity will also be proportionally good conductors of heat, which is why things like motors and appliances get so hot when you use them regularly.

But a team in the US showed this isn’t the case for metallic vanadium dioxide (VO2) — a material that’s already well known for its strange ability to switch from a see-through insulator to a conductive metal at the temperature of 67 degrees Celsius (152 degrees Fahrenheit).

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Nov 29, 2019

Our place in the universe will change dramatically in the next 50 years – here’s how

Posted by in categories: physics, space

In 1900, so the story goes, prominent physicist Lord Kelvin addressed the British Association for the Advancement of Science with these words: “There is nothing new to be discovered in physics now.”

How wrong he was. The following century completely turned physics on its head. A huge number of theoretical and experimental discoveries have transformed our understanding of the universe, and our place within it.

Don’t expect the next century to be any different. The universe has many mysteries that still remain to be uncovered—and new technologies will help us to solve them over the next 50 years.

Nov 27, 2019

There Might Be Cracks in the Universe — But We Can’t See Them from Earth

Posted by in categories: cosmology, physics

Here might be cracks in space-time, but humanity’s telescopes can’t see them.

The cracks, if they exist, are old, remnants of a time shortly after the Big Bang. But a new paper shows they might be too faint to detect.

Nov 27, 2019

Theoretical Physicist Explores Real World Time Travel Possibilities

Posted by in categories: health, information science, mathematics, physics, space, time travel

Ira Pastor, ideaXme exponential health ambassador, interviews Dr. Ronald Mallett, Professor Emeritus, Theoretical Physics, Department of Physics at the University of Connecticut.

Ira Pastor Comments:

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Nov 26, 2019

Using light to generate order in an exotic material

Posted by in categories: materials, physics

Physics experiment with ultrafast laser pulses produces a previously unseen phase of matter.

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