Archive for the ‘science’ category: Page 10

Oct 5, 2023

Harnessing AI & Longevity Science — A Blueprint for Lifespan Extension (Tina Woods)

Posted by in categories: biological, genetics, policy, quantum physics, robotics/AI, science, wearables

Tina Woods, serving as Healthy Longevity Champion for the National Innovation Center for Aging, sets forth her vision for a blueprint for healthy longevity for all. Her emphasis is on reaping the “longevity dividend” and achieving five additional years of healthy life expectancy while reducing health and wellbeing inequality. Woods elaborates on the role of emerging technologies like AI, machine learning, and advanced data analysis in comprehending and influencing biological systems related to aging. She also underscores the crucial role of lifestyle changes and the consideration of socio-economic factors in increasing lifespan. The talk also explores the burgeoning field of emotion AI and its application in developing environments for better health outcomes, with a mention of “Longevity Cities,” starting with a trial in Newcastle. In closing, Woods mentions the development of a framework for incentivizing businesses through measurement of their contribution to health in three areas: workforce health, consumer health through products and services, and community health. Woods envisions a future where businesses impacting health negatively are disincentivized, and concludes with the hope that the UK’s healthy longevity innovation mission can harness longevity science and data innovation to improve life expectancy.

00:00:00 — Introduction, National Innovation Center for Aging.
00:00:56 — Discussion on stagnating life expectancy and UK’s life sciences vision.
00:03:50 — Technological breakthroughs (including AI) in analyzing biological systems.
00:06:22 — Understanding what maintains health & wellbeing.
00:08:30 — Hype, hope, important of purpose.
00:10:00 — Psychological aging and “brain capital.“
00:13:15 — Ageism — a barrier to progress in the field of aging.
00:15:46 — Health data, AI and wearables.
00:18:44 — Prevention is key, Health is an asset to invest in.
00:19:13 — Longevity Cities.
00:21:19 — Business for Health and industry incentives.
00:23:13 — Closing.

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Oct 4, 2023

Researchers: Forensic science method for firearm identification is flawed

Posted by in category: science

Like fingerprints, a firearm’s discarded shell casings have unique markings. This allows forensic experts to compare casings from a crime scene with those from a suspect’s gun. Finding and reporting a mismatch can help free the innocent, just as a match can incriminate the guilty.

But a new study from Iowa State University researchers reveals mismatches are more likely than matches to be reported as “inconclusive” in cartridge-case comparisons.

“Firearms experts are failing to report evidence that’s favorable to the defense, and it has to be addressed and corrected. This is a terrible injustice to innocent people who are counting on expert examiners to issue a report showing that their gun was not involved but instead are left defenseless by a report that says the result was inconclusive,” says Gary Wells, an internationally recognized pioneer and scholar in eyewitness memory research.

Oct 2, 2023

In Neuroscience Flap, Science Media Tackle “Pseudoscience” Claim

Posted by in categories: neuroscience, science

The question comes down to this: If materialism collapses, what will science look like? Will the people who are interested in science today continue to be so? Will the same people continue to dominate?

One thing for sure: A lot of things will come tumbling out in the wash.

*In my experience, the abortion issue has mostly been Catholic and other grannies vs. abortionists. If, like David Chalmers, you are inclined to take bets, bet on the grannies.

Oct 1, 2023

Science & Futurism Shorts Compilation #1: 1–20 October 1, 2023

Posted by in categories: alien life, media & arts, science

A collection of the first 20 Shorts from SFIA, covering a wide range of topics in science & space.

Visit our Website: http://www.isaacarthur.net.
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Support us on Subscribestar: https://www.subscribestar.com/isaac-a… Group: https://www.facebook.com/groups/15839… eddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/IsaacArthur/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/Isaac_A_Arthur on Twitter and RT our future content. SFIA Discord Server: https://discord.gg/53GAShE Credits: Science & Futurism Shorts Compilation #1: 1–20 Episode 414a, October 1, 2023 Written, Produced & Narrated by: Isaac Arthur Music Courtesy of: Epidemic Sound http://epidemicsound.com/creator 00:00 Intro 00:30 Quasar Cannon 1:30 Birch Planets: Galaxy-Sized Worlds 2:30 Aliens Beyond the Galactic Rim 3:30 BWC Megastructures & Artificial Planets 4:29 Hegemonizing Swarms 5:29 Solar Moths & Solar Sails 6:27 Fusion Candles 7:12 Non-Equatorial Space Elevators 8:10 Building Artificial Planets 9:10 Computronium 10:13 Deciphering Alien Codes 11:12 Astrochickens & Von Neumann Probes 12:12 Could Dinosaurs have Been killed by Aliens? 13:11 Will Humans In Space Be Taller? 14:02 The Stanford Torus 15:02 Could Technology Bring You Back to Life? 16:02 Is our galaxy going to Collide with Andromeda? 16:58 The Bernal Sphere 17:55 Nuclear Lightbulb Spaceship Drive 18:55 Von Braun Space Station 19:54 Close.
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Sep 29, 2023

Can generative AI solve computer science’s greatest unsolved problem?

Posted by in categories: robotics/AI, science

The question — Does P = NP? — is a grand theoretical challenge. Scientists took the approach of spoon-feeding ideas to GPT-4 to seek an answer.

Sep 29, 2023

AI and science: what 1,600 researchers think

Posted by in categories: robotics/AI, science

A Nature survey finds that scientists are concerned, as well as excited, by the increasing use of artificial-intelligence tools in research.

Sep 28, 2023

In+the+Shadows+of+Science+-+Unravelling+Chinas+Invisible+Arsenals+of+Nanoweapons (2).pdf

Posted by in category: science

In the shadows of science unraveling china’s invisible arsenal of nanoweapons.

Shared with Dropbox.

Sep 24, 2023

Geologist Marie Tharp mapped the ocean floor and helped solve one of science’s biggest controversies

Posted by in categories: mapping, science

In the 1950s, geologist Marie Tharp turned depth measurements into detailed maps of the ocean floor. It led to her discovery of the Mid-Atlantic rift.

Sep 23, 2023

The Fascinating Science of How We Think Not with the Brain But with the World

Posted by in categories: neuroscience, science

In The Extended Mind: The Power of Thinking Outside the Brain (public library), Annie Murphy Paul explores the most thrilling frontiers of this growing understanding, fusing a century of scientific studies with millennia of first-hand experience from the lives and letters of great artists, scientists, inventors, and entrepreneurs. Challenging our cultural inheritance of thinking that thinking takes place only inside the brain, she illuminates the myriad ways in which we “use the world to think” — from the sensemaking language of gestures that we acquire as babies long before we can speak concepts to the singular fuel that time in nature provides for the brain’s most powerful associative network.

Paul distills this recalibration of understanding:

Thinking outside the brain means skillfully engaging entities external to our heads — the feelings and movements of our bodies, the physical spaces in which we learn and work, and the minds of the other people around us — drawing them into our own mental processes. By reaching beyond the brain to recruit these “extra-neural” resources, we are able to focus more intently, comprehend more deeply, and create more imaginatively — to entertain ideas that would be literally unthinkable by the brain alone.

Sep 23, 2023

Zentropy — A New Theory That Could Transform Material Science

Posted by in categories: science, space

The universe naturally gravitates towards disorder, and only through the input of energy can we combat this inevitable chaos. This idea is encapsulated in the concept of entropy, evident in everyday phenomena like ice melting, fires burning, and water boiling. However, zentropy theory introduces an additional layer to this understanding.

This theory was developed by a team led by Zi-Kui Liu, the distinguished Dorothy Pate Enright Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at Penn State. The “Z” in zentropy is derived from the German term “Zustandssumm,” which translates to the “sum over states” of entropy.

Alternatively, Liu said, zentropy may be considered as a play on the term “zen” from Buddhism and entropy to gain insight on the nature of a system. The idea, Liu said, is to consider how entropy can occur over multiple scales within a system to help predict potential outcomes of the system when influenced by its surroundings.

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