Archive for the ‘solar power’ category: Page 2

May 10, 2022

Europe’s largest floating solar farm is ready to produce power in July

Posted by in categories: solar power, sustainability

May 9, 2022

Electron Motion Tracked in a Quantum State of Matter Using X-Ray Pulses Less Than a Millionth of a Billionth of a Second Long

Posted by in categories: biological, chemistry, quantum physics, solar power, sustainability

Less than a millionth of a billionth of a second long, attosecond X-ray pulses allow researchers to peer deep inside molecules and follow electrons as they zip around and ultimately initiate chemical reactions.

Scientists at the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory devised a method to generate X-ray laser bursts lasting hundreds of attoseconds (or billionths of a billionth of a second) in 2018. This technique, known as X-ray laser-enhanced attosecond pulse generation (XLEAP), enables researchers to investigate how electrons racing about molecules initiate key processes in biology, chemistry, materials science, and other fields.

“Electron motion is an important process by which nature can move energy around,” says SLAC scientist James Cryan. “A charge is created in one part of a molecule and it transfers to another part of the molecule, potentially kicking off a chemical reaction. It’s an important piece of the puzzle when you start to think about photovoltaic devices for artificial photosynthesis, or charge transfer inside a molecule.”

Continue reading “Electron Motion Tracked in a Quantum State of Matter Using X-Ray Pulses Less Than a Millionth of a Billionth of a Second Long” »

May 6, 2022

Extraterrestrial photosynthesis

Posted by in categories: alien life, solar power, sustainability

“In light of significant efforts being taken toward manned deep space exploration, it is of high technological importance and scientific interest to develop the lunar life support system for long-term exploration. Lunar in situ resource utilization offers a great opportunity to provide the material basis of life support for lunar habitation and traveling. Based on the analysis of the structure and composition, Chang’E-5 lunar soil sample has the potential for lunar solar energy conversion, i.e., extraterrestrial photosynthetic catalysts. By evaluating the performance of the Chang’E-5 lunar sample as photovoltaic-driven electrocatalyst, photocatalyst, and photothermal catalyst, full water splitting and CO2 conversion are able to be achieved by solar energy, water, and lunar soil, with a range of target product for lunar life, including O2, H2, CH4, and CH3OH. Thus, we propose a potentially available extraterrestrial photosynthesis pathway on the moon, which will help us to achieve a “zero-energy consumption” extraterrestrial life support system.”

Chang’E-5 lunar soil was used as the lunar extraterrestrial photosynthetic catalyst for water splitting and CO2 conversion. Solar energy and water were converted into a wide range of valuable products for lunar life support, including O2, H2, CH4, and CH3OH. A “zero-energy consumption” extraterrestrial life support system was thus proposed.

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Apr 30, 2022

Combining crops and solar panels is allowing Kenya to ‘harvest the sun twice’

Posted by in categories: food, robotics/AI, solar power, sustainability

Learn More.

World Economic Forum.

They’re autonomous, self-cleaning and powered entirely by solar energy.

Apr 29, 2022

MIT’s new desalination unit generates drinking water without the need for filters

Posted by in categories: mobile phones, solar power, sustainability

Apr 29, 2022

From seawater to drinking water, with the push of a button

Posted by in categories: mobile phones, particle physics, solar power, sustainability

MIT researchers have developed a portable desalination unit, weighing less than 10 kilograms, that can remove particles and salts to generate drinking water.

The suitcase-sized device, which requires less power to operate than a cell phone charger, can also be driven by a small, portable solar panel, which can be purchased online for around $50. It automatically generates drinking that exceeds World Health Organization quality standards. The technology is packaged into a user-friendly device that runs with the push of one button.

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Apr 27, 2022

Scientists say solar energy tops nuclear for powering crewed missions to Mars

Posted by in categories: nuclear energy, solar power, space, sustainability

Apr 27, 2022

Transparent solar panels could replace windows in the future. Here’s how

Posted by in categories: solar power, sustainability

Apr 27, 2022

Honeycomb-like nanopatterning boosts efficiency of ultrathin solar panels

Posted by in categories: nanotechnology, solar power, sustainability

“Hyperuniform disordered” design delivers 66.5% solar absorption.

Apr 25, 2022

When Will Humanity Become a Type I Civilization?

Posted by in categories: solar power, space, sustainability

Can humanity become a Type I civilization without causing our own Great Filter?

There are several ways we can measure the progress of human civilization. Population growth, the rise and fall of empires, our technological ability to reach for the stars. But one simple measure is to calculate the amount of energy humans use at any given time. As humanity has spread and advanced, our ability to harness energy is one of our most useful skills. If one assumes civilizations on other planets might possess similar skills, the energy consumption of a species is a good rough measure of its technological prowess. This is the idea behind the Kardashev Scale.

Russian astrophysicist Nikolai Kardashev proposed the scale in 1964. He categorized civilizations into three types: planetary, stellar, and galactic. A Type I species is able to harness energy on a scale equal to the amount stellar energy that reaches its home planet. Type II species can harness energy on the scale of its home star, and Type III can harness the energy of its home galaxy. The idea was further popularized by Carl Sagan, who suggested a continuous scale of measurement rather than simply three types.

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